It is the biggest Temple that was built in the city center. It was built for the Roman Emperor Domitian on the 3 floor podium. A huge head and left arm of a Domitian Monument is visible in the Ephesus Museum. The podium of the temple was huge and measured 100 meters by 50 meter.
On the second storey figures of soldiers and priestess were depicted. There was an altar in front of the temple. Domitian was known as an emperor who harmed and pursuit Christians. Before the temple was completed, a servant killed Domitian. That’s why the temple was also dedicated to Vespasianus who became the new emperor. Later, Christians destroyed the foundation.